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Summary Information
Full Title

1976 Convention on Limitation of Liability for Maritime Claims

Short Title / Abbreviations

LLMC 1976

CIL Subject Classification
Citations to Text 1456 UNTS 221, 16 ILM 606 (1977)
Date of Adoption 19/11/1976
Place of Adoption London, United Kingdom
Secretariat / Relevant Authority

International Maritime Organization (IMO)

Depository

Secretary-General of the International Maritime Consultative Organization (International Maritime Organization)

Entry Into Force Status In Force
Source

International Maritime Organization

Date of Entry into Force

01/12/1986

Entry into Force / Termination Provisions

Article 17: Entry into Force

“1. This Convention shall enter into force on the first day of the month following one year after the date on which twelve States have either signed it without reservation as to ratification, acceptance or approval or have deposited the requisite instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession.

2. For a State which deposits an instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, or signs without reservation as to ratification, acceptance or approval, in respect of this Convention after the requirements for entry into force have been met but prior to the date of entry into force, the ratification, acceptance, approval or accession or the signature without reservation as to ratification, acceptance or approval, shall take effect on the date of entry into force of the Convention or on the first day of the month following the ninetieth day after the date of the signature or the deposit of the instrument, whichever is the later date.

3. For any State which subsequently becomes a Party to this Convention, the Convention shall enter into force ninety days after the date when such State deposited its instrument.”

General Status 55 Parties (as of 09/01/2020)
Links to Current Status/Reservations International Maritime Organization
Status
ASEAN States
Brunei Darussalam
Cambodia
Indonesia
Lao PDR
Malaysia
Myanmar
Philippines
Singapore Accession 24/01/2005
Reservation 24/01/2005
Notification 24/01/2005
Denunciation 30/09/2019
Thailand
Viet Nam
Related Instruments
Protocols / Amendments to this instrument

1996 Protocol to Amend the 1976 Convention on Limitation of Liability for Maritime Claims

2012 Amendments to the Protocol of 1996 to Amend the Convention on Limitation of Liability for Maritime Claims

This instrument amends/supersedes

1924 International Convention for the Unification of certain Rules relating to the Limitation of Liability of the Owners of Sea-going Vessels

1957 International Convention Relating to the Limitation of the Liability of Owners of Sea-going Ships

Related Instruments

1969 International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage

1992 Protocol to amend the 1971 International Convention on the Establishment of an International Fund for Compensation for Oil Pollution Damage

1971 Convention Relating to Civil Liability in the Field of Maritime Carriage of Nuclear Material

1974 Athens Convention relating to the Carriage of Passengers and their Luggage by Sea

1996 International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea

2001 International Convention on Civil Liability for Bunker Oil Pollution Damage

2007 Nairobi International Convention on the Removal of Wrecks

External Links
Additional Information

Note Articles 9.1-9.2 of the 1996 Protocol to Amend the 1976 Convention on Limitation of Liability for Maritime Claims. (“Convention” below refers to the 1976 Convention on Limitation of Liability for Maritime Claims.)

“1. The Convention and this Protocol shall, as between the Parties to this Protocol, be read and interpreted together as one single instrument.
2. A State which is Party to this Protocol but not a Party to the Convention shall be bound by the provisions of the Convention as amended by this Protocol in relation to other States Parties hereto, but shall not be bound by the provisions of the Convention in relation to States Parties only to the Convention.”