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Summary Information
Full Title

1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea

Short Title / Abbreviations

Law of the Sea Convention/UNCLOS

CIL Subject Classification
Citations to Text 1833 UNTS 397, 21 ILM 1261 (1982)
Date of Adoption 10/12/1982
Place of Adoption Montego Bay, Jamaica, 3rd UN Conference on the Law of the Sea
Secretariat / Relevant Authority

United Nations

Dispute settlement provisions

See Part XV: Settlement of Disputes

Depository

Secretary-General of the International Maritime Organization

Annexes

Annex I: Highly Migratory Species

Annex II: Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf

Annex III: Basic Conditions of Prospecting, Exploration and Exploitation

Annex IV: Statute of the Enterprise

Annex V: Conciliation

Annex VI: Statute of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea

Annex VII: Arbitration

Annex VIII: Special Arbitration

Annex IX: Participation by International Organizations

Entry Into Force Status In Force
Source

United Nations Treaty Collection

Date of Entry into Force

16/11/1994

Entry into Force / Termination Provisions

Article 308: Entry into force

“1. This Convention shall enter into force 12 months after the date of deposit of the sixtieth instrument of ratification or accession.

2. For each State ratifying or acceding to this Convention after the deposit of the sixtieth instrument of ratification or accession, the Convention shall enter into force on the thirtieth day following the deposit of its instrument of ratification or accession, subject to paragraph 1.”

General Status 168 Parties (as of 27/08/2019)
Links to Current Status/Reservations UN Treaty Collection
Status
ASEAN States
Brunei Darussalam Signature 05/12/1984
Ratification 05/11/1996
Cambodia Signature 01/07/1983
Indonesia Signature 10/12/1982
Ratification 03/02/1986
Lao PDR Signature 10/12/1982
Ratification 05/06/1998
Malaysia Signature 10/12/1982
Ratification 14/10/1996
Declaration 14/10/1996
Declaration 26/08/2019
Myanmar Signature 10/12/1982
Ratification 21/05/1996
Declaration 21/05/1996
Withdrawal of Declaration 14/01/2010
Philippines Signature 10/12/1982
Ratification 08/05/1984
Declaration 08/05/1984
Declaration 26/10/1988
Singapore Signature 10/12/1982
Ratification 17/11/1994
Declaration 12/12/2018
Thailand Signature 10/12/1982
Ratification 15/05/2011
Declaration 15/05/2011
Viet Nam Signature 10/12/1982
Ratification 25/07/1994
Declaration 25/07/1994
Declaration 07/06/1996
Related Instruments
Protocols / Amendments to this instrument

1994 Agreement Relating to the Implementation of Part XI of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10 December 1982

1995 Agreement for the Implementation of the Provisions of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10 December 1982 relating to the Conservation and Management of Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks

This instrument amends/supersedes

Related Instruments

1958 Convention on the High Seas

1958 Convention on the Territorial Sea and the Contiguous Zone

1958 Convention on Fishing and Conservation of the Living Resources of the High Seas

1958 Convention on the Continental Shelf

1997 Agreement on the Privileges and Immunities of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea

1998 Protocol on the Privileges and Immunities of the International Seabed Authority

2001 Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage

2009 Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing

2010 United Nations General Assembly Resolution A/65/37A on Oceans and the Law of the Sea

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