Download
Summary Information
Full Title

1992 Convention on Biological Diversity

Short Title / Abbreviations

CBD

CIL Subject Classification
Citations to Text 1760 UNTS 79, 31 ILM 818 (1992)
Date of Adoption 05/06/1992
Place of Adoption Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED)/Rio Earth Summit
Secretariat / Relevant Authority

Secretary of the Convention on Biological Diversity

Dispute settlement provisions

“Article 27: Settlement of Disputes

1. In the event of a dispute between Contracting Parties concerning the interpretation or application of this Convention, the parties concerned shall seek solution by negotiation.
2. If the parties concerned cannot reach agreement by negotiation, they may jointly seek the good offices of, or request mediation by, a third party.
3. When ratifying, accepting, approving or acceding to this Convention, or at any time thereafter, a State or regional economic integration organization may declare in writing to the Depositary that for a dispute not resolved in accordance with paragraph 1 or paragraph 2 above, it accepts one or both of the following means of dispute settlement as compulsory:
(a) Arbitration in accordance with the procedure laid down in Part 1 of Annex II;
(b) Submission of the dispute to the International Court of Justice.
4. If the parties to the dispute have not, in accordance with paragaph 3 above, accepted the same or any procedure, the dispute shall be submitted to conciliation in accordance with Part 2 of Annex II unless the parties otherwise agree.
5. The provisions of this Article shall apply with respect to any protocol except as otherwise provided in the protocol concerned. “

Depository

Secretary-General of the United Nations

Annexes

Annex I: Identification and Monitoring

Annex II: Part 1. Arbitration

Annex II: Part 2. Conciliation

Entry Into Force Status In Force
Date of Entry into Force

29/12/1993

Entry into Force / Termination Provisions

“Article 36: Entry into Force

1. This Convention shall enter into force on the ninetieth day after the date of deposit of the thirtieth instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession.
2. Any protocol shall enter into force on the ninetieth day after the date of deposit of the number of instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, specified in that protocol, has been deposited.
3. For each Contracting Party which ratifies, accepts or approves this Convention or accedes thereto after the deposit of the thirtieth instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, it shall enter into force on the ninetieth day after the date of deposit by such Contracting Party of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession.
4. Any protocol, except as otherwise provided in such protocol, shall enter into force for a Contracting Party that ratifies, accepts or approves that protocol or accedes thereto after its entry into force pursuant to paragraph 2 above, on the ninetieth day after the date on which that Contracting Party deposits its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, or on the date on which this Convention enters into force for that Contracting Party, whichever shall be the later.
5. For the purposes of paragraphs 1 and 2 above, any instrument deposited by a regional economic integration organization shall not be counted as additional to those deposited by member States of such organization. “

General Status 196 Parties (as of 10/10/2019)
Links to Current Status/Reservations Convention on Biological Diversity
United Nations Treaty Collection
Status
ASEAN States
Brunei Darussalam Accession 28/04/2008
Cambodia Accession 09/02/1995
Indonesia Signature 05/06/1992
Ratification 23/08/1994
Lao PDR Accession 20/09/1996
Malaysia Signature 12/06/1992
Ratification 24/06/1994
Myanmar Signature 11/06/1992
Ratification 25/11/1994
Philippines Signature 12/06/1992
Ratification 08/10/1993
Singapore Signature 10/03/1993
Ratification 21/12/1995
Thailand Signature 12/06/1992
Ratification 31/10/2003
Viet Nam Signature 28/05/1993
Ratification 16/11/1994
Related Instruments
Protocols / Amendments to this instrument

2000 Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biological Diversity

2010 Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization to the Convention on Biological Diversity

This instrument amends/supersedes

Related Instruments

External Links
Additional Information