1995 ASEAN Framework Agreement on Services
|Short Title / Abbreviations||
|CIL Subject Classification|
|Date of Adoption||15/12/1995|
|Place of Adoption||Bangkok, Thailand at the 5th ASEAN Summit|
|Issued/Adopted by||Economic Ministers of ASEAN|
|Dispute settlement provisions||
Article VII ‘Settlement of Disputes’:
“1. The Protocol on Dispute Settlement Mechanism for ASEAN shall generally be referred to and applied with respect to any disputes arising from, or any differences between Member States concerning the interpretation or application of, this Framework Agreement or any arrangements arising therefrom.
2. A specific dispute settlement mechanism may be established for the purposes of this Framework Agreement which shall form an integral part of this Framework Agreement.”
This is one of the “Covered Agreements’ pursuant to Article 1.1 of the 2004 ASEAN Protocol on Enhanced Dispute Settlement Mechanism read together with its Appendix I.
Not indicated, but records maintained by the ASEAN Secretariat
|Entry Into Force Status||In Force|
|Date of Entry into Force||
|Entry into Force / Termination Provisions||
Article XIV ‘Final Provision’:
“3. This Framework Agreement shall enter into force upon the deposit of instruments of ratification or acceptance by all signatory governments with the Secretary-General of ASEAN.”
|ASEAN States||(Source: as of 21/03/2019)|
|Protocols / Amendments to this instrument||
Air Services Protocols:
The first package of commitments on Air Transport Services was made in the 1997 Protocol to Implement the Initial Package of Commitments under the ASEAN Framework Agreement on Services
The second package of commitments on Air Transport Services was made in the 1998 Protocol to Implement the Second Package of Commitments under the ASEAN Framework Agreement on Services
The third package of commitments on Air Transport Services was made in the 2001 Protocol to Implement the Third Package of Commitments under the ASEAN Framework Agreement on Services
2004 Protocol to Implement the Fourth Package of Commitments on Air Service Transport under the ASEAN Framework Agreement on Services
Financial Services Protocols:
The first Package of Commitments on Financial Services was made in the 1998 Protocol to Implement the Second Package of Commitments under the ASEAN Framework Agreement on Services
|This instrument amends/supersedes||
The Following WTO Instruments were referred to in this Agreement:
1995 General Agreement on Trade in Services
Dates of ratification and accession given above were obtained from the ASEAN Secretariat’s Legal Instruments website and its electronic collection of instruments of ratification, accession and notification. Some of the dates given appear to be the dates of execution of the instruments of ratification/accession, rather than their date of receipt by the depository.
Note Article XIV ‘Final Provisions’:
“1. The terms and definitions and other provisions of the GATS [1995 General Agreement on Trade in Services] shall be referred to and applied to matters arising under this Framework Agreement for which no specific provision has been made under it.”
Note Article VIII ‘Supplementary Agreements or Arrangements’:
“Schedules of specific commitments and Understandings arising from subsequent negotiations under this Framework Agreement and any other agreements or arrangements, Action Plans and Programmes arising thereunder shall form an integral part of this Framework Agreement.”
Note Article IX ‘Other Agreements’:
“1. This Framework Agreement or any action taken under it shall not affect the rights and obligations of the Member States under any existing agreements to which they are parties.
2. Nothing in this Framework Agreement shall affect the rights of the Member States to enter into other agreements not contrary to the principles, objectives and terms of this Framework Agreement.
3. Upon the signing of this Framework Agreement, Member States shall promptly notify the ASEAN Secretariat of any agreements pertaining to or affecting trade in services to which that Member is a signatory.”