1996 Protocol to the 1972 Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter
|Short Title / Abbreviations||
LC PROT 1996/London Protocol
|CIL Subject Classification|
|Citations to Text|| ATS 11|
|Date of Adoption||07/11/1996|
|Place of Adoption||London, United Kingdom|
|Secretariat / Relevant Authority|
|Dispute settlement provisions||
Article 16 ‘Settlement of Disputes’:
“1. Any disputes regarding the interpretation or application or this Protocol shall be resolved in the first instance through negotiation, mediation or conciliation, or other peaceful means chosen by parties to the dispute.
2. If no resolution is possible within twelve months after one Contracting Party has notified another that a dispute exists between them, the dispute shall be settled, at the request of a party to the dispute, by means of the Arbitral Procedure set forth in Annex 3, unless the parties to the dispute agree to use one of the procedures listed in paragraph 1 of Article 287 of the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. The parties to the dispute may so agree, whether or not they are also States Parties to the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea.
3. In the event an agreement to use one of the procedures listed in paragraph 1 of Article 287 of the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea is reached, the provisions set forth in Part XV of that Convention that are related to the chosen procedure would also apply, mutatis mutandis.
4. The twelve month period referred to in paragraph 2 may be extended for another twelve months by mutual consent of the parties concerned.
5. Notwithstanding paragraph 2, any State may, at the time it expresses its consent to be bound by this Protocol, notify the Secretary-General that, when it is a party to a dispute about the interpretation or application of Article 3.1 or 3.2, its consent will be required before the dispute may be settled by means of the Arbitral Procedure set forth in Annex 3.”
Secretary-General of the International Maritime Organization
Annex 1 – Wastes or Other Matter That may be Considered for Dumping
Annex 2 – Assessment of Wastes or Other Matter that may be Considered for Dumping
Annex 3 – Arbitral Procedure
|Entry Into Force Status||In Force|
|Date of Entry into Force||
|Entry into Force / Termination Provisions||
“1. This Protocol shall enter into force on the thirtieth day following the date on which:
.1 at least 26 States have expressed their consent to be bound by this Protocol in accordance with Article 24; and
.2 at least 15 Contracting Parties to the Convention are included in the number of States referred to in paragraph 1.1.
2. For each State that has expressed its consent to be bound by this Protocol in accordance with Article 24 following the date referred to in paragraph 1, this Protocol shall enter into force on the thirtieth day after the date on which such State expressed its consent.”
|General Status||53 Parties (as of 18/10/2019)|
|Links to Current Status/Reservations||
International Maritime Organization (IMO)
|Protocols / Amendments to this instrument||
2006 Amendment to the 1996 Protocol to the Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter, 1972 – Amendment to include CO2 sequestration in sub-seabed geological formations in Annex 1 to the London Protocol
|This instrument amends/supersedes||
This Protocol superseded the 1972 Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter as between the Parties to this Protocol who are also Parties to the Convention pursuant to Article 23 of this Protocol.
1976 Convention for the Protection of the Mediterranean Sea against Pollution