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Summary Information
Full Title

1970 Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Seizure of Aircraft

Short Title / Abbreviations

Hijacking Convention

CIL Subject Classification
Citations to Text 860 UNTS 105, [1972] ATS 16, 10 ILM 133 (1971)
Date of Adoption 16/12/1970
Place of Adoption The Hague, Netherlands
Secretariat / Relevant Authority

International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)

Dispute settlement provisions

Article 12:

“1. Any dispute between two or more Contracting States concerning the interpretation or application of this Convention which cannot be settled through negotiations, shall, at the request of one of them, be submitted to arbitration. If within six months from the date of the request for arbitration the Parties are unable to agree on the organization of the arbitration, any one of those Parties may refer the dispute to the International Court of Justice by request in conformity with the Statute of the Court.

2. Each State may at the time of signature or ratification of this Convention or accession thereto, declare that it does not consider itself bound by the preceding paragraph. The other Contracting States shall not be bound by the preceding paragraph with respect to any Contracting State having made such a reservation.

3. Any Contracting State having made a reservation in accordance with the preceding paragraph may at any time withdraw this reservation by notification to the Depositary Governments.”

Depository

Governments of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and the United States of America

Annexes

Entry Into Force Status In Force
Date of Entry into Force

14/10/1971

Entry into Force / Termination Provisions

Article 13:

“1. This Convention shall be open for signature at The Hague on 16 December 1970, by States participating in the International Conference on Air Law held at The Hague from 1 to 16 December 1970 (hereinafter referred to as The Hague Conference). After 31 December 1970, the Convention shall be open to all States for signature in Moscow, London and Washington. Any State which does not sign this Convention before its entry into force in accordance with paragraph 3 of this Article may accede to it at any time.

2. This Convention shall be subject to ratification by the signatory States. Instruments of ratification and instruments of accession shall be deposited with the Governments of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and the United States of America, which are hereby designated the Depositary Governments.

3. This Convention shall enter into force thirty days following the date of the deposit of instruments of ratification by ten States signatory to this Convention which participated in The Hague Conference.

4. For other States, this Convention shall enter into force on the date of entry into force of this Convention in accordance with paragraph 3 of this Article, or thirty days following the date of deposit of their instruments of ratification or accession, whichever is later.

5. The Depositary Governments shall promptly inform all signatory and acceding States of the date of each signature, the date of deposit of each instrument of ratification or accession, the date of entry into force of this Convention, and other notices.

6. As soon as this Convention comes into force, it shall be registered by the Depositary Governments pursuant to Article 102 of the Charter of the United Nations and pursuant to Article 83 of the Convention on International Civil Aviation (Chicago, 1944).”

General Status 185 Parties (as of 25 July 2016)
Links to Current Status/Reservations International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)
Status
ASEAN States
Brunei Darussalam Accession 16/04/1986
Cambodia Signature 16/12/1970
Ratification 08/11/1996
Indonesia Signature 16/12/1970
Ratification 27/08/1976
Reservation 27/08/1976
Lao PDR Signature 16/02/1971
Ratification 06/04/1989
Malaysia Signature 16/12/1970
Ratification 04/05/1985
Myanmar Accession 22/05/1996
Philippines Signature 16/12/1970
Ratification 26/03/1973
Singapore Signature 08/09/1971
Ratification 12/04/1978
Thailand Signature 16/12/1970
Ratification 16/05/1978
Viet Nam Accession 17/09/1979
Reservation 17/09/1979
Related Instruments
Protocols / Amendments to this instrument

2010 Protocol Supplementary to the 1970 Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Seizure of Aircraft

This instrument amends/supersedes

Related Instruments

1963 Convention on Offences and Certain Other Acts Committed on Board Aircraft

1971 Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Civil Aviation

1988 Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Maritime Navigation

2010 Beijing Convention on the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Relating to International Civil Aviation

External Links