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Summary Information
Full Title

1971 Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Civil Aviation

Short Title / Abbreviations

1971 Montreal Convention / Civil Aviation Convention / Sabotage Convention

CIL Subject Classification
Citations to Text 974 UNTS 177 / [1973] ATS 24 / 10 ILM 1151 (1971)
Date of Adoption 23/09/1971
Place of Adoption Montreal, Canada
Secretariat / Relevant Authority

International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)

Dispute settlement provisions

Article 14:

“1. Any dispute between two or more Contracting States concerning the interpretation or application of this Convention which cannot be settled through negotiation, shall, at the request of one of them, be submitted to arbitration. If within six months from the date of the request for arbitration the Parties are unable to agree on the organization of the arbitration, any one of those Parties may refer the dispute to the International Court of Justice by request in conformity with the Statute of the Court.

2. Each State may at the time of signature or ratification of this Convention or accession thereto, declare that it does not consider itself bound by the preceding paragraph. The other Contracting States shall not be bound by the preceding paragraph with respect to any Contracting State having made such a reservation.

3. Any Contracting State having made a reservation in accordance with the preceding paragraph may at any time withdraw this reservation by notification to the Depositary Governments.”

Depository

Governments of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and the United States of America

Annexes

Entry Into Force Status In Force
Date of Entry into Force

26/01/1973

Entry into Force / Termination Provisions

Article 15:

“1. This Convention shall be open for signature at Montreal on 23 September 1971, by States participating in the International Conference on Air Law held at Montreal from 8 to 23 September 1971 (hereinafter referred to as the Montreal Conference). After 10 October 1971, the Convention shall be open to all States for signature in Moscow, London and Washington. Any State which does not sign this Convention before its entry into force in accordance with paragraph 3 of this Article may accede to it at any time.

2. This Convention shall be subject to ratification by the signatory States. Instruments of ratification and instruments of accession shall be deposited with the Governments of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and the United States of America, which are hereby designated the Depositary Governments.

3. This Convention shall enter into force thirty days following the date of the deposit of instruments of ratification by ten States signatory to this Convention which participated in the Montreal Conference.

4. For other States, this Convention shall enter into force on the date of entry into force of this Convention in accordance with paragraph 3 of this Article, or thirty days following the date of deposit of their instruments of ratification or accession, whichever is later.

5. The Depositary Governments shall promptly inform all signatory and acceding States of the date of each signature, the date of deposit of each instrument of ratification or accession, the date of entry into force of this Convention, and other notices.

6. As soon as this Convention comes into force, it shall be registered by the Depositary Governments pursuant to Article 102 of the Charter of the United Nations and pursuant to Article 83 of the Convention on International Civil Aviation (Chicago, 1944).”

General Status 188 Parties (as of 19/05/2020)
Links to Current Status/Reservations International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)
Status
ASEAN States
Brunei Darussalam Accession 16/04/1986
Cambodia Accession 08/11/1996
Indonesia Accession 27/08/1976
Reservation 27/08/1976
Lao PDR Signature 01/11/1972
Ratification 06/04/1989
Malaysia Accession 04/05/1985
Myanmar Accession 22/05/1996
Philippines Signature 23/09/1971
Ratification 26/03/1973
Singapore Signature 21/11/1972
Ratification 12/04/1978
Thailand Accession 16/05/1978
Viet Nam Accession 17/09/1979
Related Instruments
Protocols / Amendments to this instrument

1988 Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts of Violence at Airports Serving International Civil Aviation, Supplementary to the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Civil Aviation

This instrument amends/supersedes

Related Instruments

1963 Tokyo Convention on Offences and Certain Other Acts Committed on Board Aircraft

1970 Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Seizure of Aircraft

1988 Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Maritime Navigation

2010 Beijing Convention on the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Relating to International Civil Aviation

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