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Summary Information
Full Title

1992 International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage (Consolidated text)

Short Title / Abbreviations

CLC 1992/1992 Liability Convention/1992 Civil Liability Convention

CIL Subject Classification
Citations to Text 1956 UNTS 255
Date of Adoption 27/11/1992
Place of Adoption London, United Kingdom
Secretariat / Relevant Authority

International Maritime Organization

Depository

Secretary-General of the International Maritime Organization

Annexes

Annex: Certificate of Insurance or other Financial Security in Respect of Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage

Entry Into Force Status In Force
Source

International Maritime Organization

Date of Entry into Force

30/05/1996

Entry into Force / Termination Provisions

“Article 13: Entry into force

  1. This Protocol shall enter into force twelve months following the date on which ten States including four States each with not less than one million units of gross tanker tonnage have deposited instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession with the Secretary-General of the Organization.
  2. However, any Contracting State to the 1971 Fund Convention may, at the time of the deposit of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession in respect of this Protocol, declare that such instrument shall be deemed not to be effective for the purposes of this Article until the end of the six-month period in Article 31 of the Protocol of 1992 to amend the 1971 Fund Convention. A State which is not a Contracting State to the 1971 Fund Convention but which deposits an instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession in respect of the Protocol of 1992 to amend the 1971 Fund Convention may also make a declaration in accordance with this paragraph at the same time.
  3. Any State which has made a declaration in accordance with the preceding paragraph may withdraw it at any time by means of a notification addressed to the Secretary-General of the Organization. Any such withdrawal shall take effect on the date the notification is received, provided that such State shall be deemed to have deposited its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession in respect of this Protocol on that date.
  4. For any State which ratifies, accepts, approves or accedes to it after the conditions in paragraph 1 for entry into force have been met, this Protocol shall enter into force twelve months following the date of deposit by such State of the appropriate instrument.”

General Status 140 parties (as of 09/01/2020)
Links to Current Status/Reservations International Maritime Organization
Status
ASEAN States
Brunei Darussalam Accession 30/01/2002
Cambodia Accession 08/06/2001
Indonesia Accession 06/07/1999
Lao PDR
Malaysia Accession 09/06/2004
Myanmar Accession 12/07/2016
Philippines Accession 07/07/1997
Singapore Accession 18/09/1997
Thailand Accession 07/07/2017
Viet Nam Accession 17/06/2003
Related Instruments
Protocols / Amendments to this instrument

2000 (limitations amounts) Amendments (LEG.1(82))

This instrument amends/supersedes

1969 International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage

Related Instruments

1992 Protocol to Amend the 1969 International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage

1992 International Convention on the Establishment of an International Fund for Compensation for Oil Pollution Damage (Consolidated Text)

1990 International Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response and Co-Operation

1977 Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage Resulting from Exploration for and Exploitation of Seabed Mineral Resources

 1969 International Convention Relating to Intervention on the High Seas in Cases of Oil Pollution Casualties

External Links
Additional Information

IMO information page on CLC convention: “From 16 May 1998, parties to the 1992 Protocol ceased to be Parties to the 1969 CLC due to a mechanism for compulsory denunciation of the “old” regime established in the 1992 Protocol. However, there are a number of States which are party to the 1969 CLC and have not yet ratified the 1992 regime – which is intended to eventually replace the 1969 CLC.”

Note Article 16.5:

“Denunciation of the Protocol of 1992 to amend the 1971 Fund Convention by a State which remains a Party to the 1971 Fund Convention shall be deemed to be a denunciation of this Protocol. Such denunciation shall take effect on the date on which denunciation of the Protocol of 1992 to amend the 1971 Fund Convention takes effect according to Article 34 of that Protocol.”