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Summary Information
Full Title

1972 Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter

Short Title / Abbreviations

London Convention / London Dumping Convention / LC 1972

CIL Subject Classification
Citations to Text 1046 UNTS 120, [ATS] 1985 16, 11 ILM 1294 (1972), UKTS 43 (1976)
Date of Adoption 29/12/1972
Place of Adoption Washington, Moscow, London, Mexico City
Secretariat / Relevant Authority

International Maritime Organization (IMO)

Dispute settlement provisions

Article X:

“In accordance with the principles of international law regarding State responsibility for damage to the Environment of other States or to any other area of the Environment, caused by dumping of wastes and other matter of all kinds, the Contracting Parties undertake to develop procedures for the assessment of liability and the settlement of disputes regarding dumping.”

Article XI:

“The Contracting Parties shall at their first consultative meeting consider procedures for the settlement of disputes concerning the interpretation and application of this Convention.”

Depository

Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Annexes

Annex I

Annex II

Annex III

Entry Into Force Status In Force
Date of Entry into Force

30/08/1975

Entry into Force / Termination Provisions

Article XIX:

“1. This Convention shall enter into force on the thirtieth day following the date of deposit of the fifteenth instrument of ratification or accession.

2. For each Contracting Party ratifying or acceding to the Convention after the deposit of the fifteenth instrument of ratification or accession, the Convention shall enter into force on the thirtieth day after deposit by such Party of its instrument of ratification or accession.”

General Status 87 Parties (as of 24/09/2019)
Links to Current Status/Reservations International Maritime Organization (IMO)
Status
ASEAN States
Brunei Darussalam
Cambodia
Indonesia
Lao PDR
Malaysia
Myanmar
Philippines Ratification 10/08/1973
Singapore
Thailand
Viet Nam
Related Instruments
Protocols / Amendments to this instrument

1978 Resolution of the Third Consultative Meeting on Incineration at Sea (Resolution LDC 5(III))

1978 Resolution of the Third Consultative Meeting on Settlement of Disputes (Resolution LDC 6(III))

1980 Resolution of the Fifth Consultative Meeting on the Amendment of the Lists of Substances (Resolution LDC 12(V))

1989 Amendment to Annex III to the London Dumping Convention (Resolution LDC.37(12))

1993 Amendments to the Annexes to the Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter, 1972 Concerning Phasing out Sea Disposal of Industrial Waste (Resolution LC.49(16))

1993 Amendment to Annex I to the Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter, 1972 Concerning Incineration at Sea (Resolution LC.50(16))

1993 Amendments to the Annexes to the Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter, 1972 Concerning Phasing Out Sea Disposal of Industrial Wastes (Resolution LC.51(16))

1996 Protocol to the 1972 Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter

2006 Amendment to the 1996 Protocol to the Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter, 1972 – Amendment to include CO2 sequestration in sub-seabed geological formations in Annex 1 to the London Protocol

2009 Amendment to Article 6 of the 1996 Protocol to the Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter

This instrument amends/supersedes

Related Instruments

1972 Convention for the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping from Ships and Aircraft

1978 Protocol Relating to the 1973 International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (including Annexes, Final Act and 1973 International Convention)

1978 Convention for the protection of the Mediterranean Sea against pollution

1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea

1986 Protocol for the Prevention of Pollution of the South Pacific Region by Dumping

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Additional Information

Key Words: International Maritime Organization / Marine Environment

The text provided here is the original text done in 1972. Please see here for the IMO compiled text with amendments.